History of Artificial Intelligence

[55 sec read]

  • [1956] The field of AI research is founded at a conference on the campus of Dartmouth College in the summer of 1956. The attendees, including John McCarthyMarvin MinskyAllen Newell and Herbert Simon, became the leaders of AI research for many decades. AI research is heavily funded after that. [ref]
  • [1973] In 1973, in response to the criticism of James Lighthill and ongoing pressure from congress, the U.S. and British Governments stop funding undirected research into artificial intelligence, and the difficult years that followed would later be known as an “AI winter“. [ref]
  • [1980] AI winder is over. Japanese government starts funding aggressively on AI projects. Expert systems become popular during this time.
  • [1987] The second AI winder begins. In 1993, AI again started to gain popularity. It was used for logistics, data mining, medical diagnosis, etc.
  • [5/11/1997] Deep Blue becomes the first computer chess-playing system to beat a reigning world chess champion, Garry Kasparov.
  • [2/2011] In a Jeopardy! quiz show exhibition match, IBM’s question answering system, Watson, defeated the two greatest Jeopardy! champions, Brad Rutter and Ken Jennings, by a significant margin.
  • [3/15/2016] Google’s AlphaGo beats Lee Sedol 4 -1 in 5 match Go tournament. [ref]

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